Cumin is a small annual herb of the parsley family (Apiaceae). It grows from 1 to 2 feet tall and produces a stem with many branches.
The quality of Whole Cumin is primarily adjudged on the basis of physical cleanliness of the final product, besides the volatile oil percentage in the seeds. Cumin's distinctive flavor is strong. It has a warm aroma due to its essential oil content.
Pronounced “kuh-min”, Cumin has only recently begun to be recognized as a popular spice in this world, but worldwide it is one of the most consumed spices followed by chillies and pepper. India is the largest producer and exporter of Cumin in the world. Highest cumin cultivation state is Gujarat (65-70%) and remaining (30-35%) Rajasthan.